What is it?
Allergies affect people whose immune system is hypersensitive to certain chemicals, animals or materials.
Allergic reactions are irritating and can sometimes be severe.
What are the symptoms?
Allergic reactions usually happen quickly within a few minutes of exposure to an allergen.
They can cause:
- a runny or blocked nose
- red, itchy, watery eyes
- wheezing and coughing
- a red, itchy rash
- worsening of asthma or eczema symptoms
Most allergic reactions are mild, but occasionally a severe reaction called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock can occur. This is a medical emergency and needs urgent treatment.
- Wash bed linens in hot water.
- Keep house humidity low.
- Use mite proof mattress and pillows.
- Install air filters in your air conditioners to keep the indoor air clean.
- Take bath on coming home from outside.
- Take steam to relieve congestion.
- Always check food label before consumption. If you are allergic to any ingredient it is better to avoid that food.
- Cover yourself fully while visiting insect prone areas like gardens.
- If your child has allergy to something, inform school authorities and their caretaker of the same.
- If your kid is allergic to dust, ask him or her to stay away from dusty areas, playgrounds. Ask him to sit away from blackboards (chalk dust).
- Instead of broom use damp mop to clean house.
- Cover the nose and mouth or wear a protective mask while travelling.
- Do not allow pets on your bed or even in bedroom if you are allergic to their hair or fur.
- Avoid walking barefoot on grass to avoid insect stings
- Avoid dusty and polluted areas.
- Do not clean your house yourself if you have severe allergy.
- Avoid any cosmetics, shampoos, and soaps which contain substance which may trigger allergic reaction in your body.
- If you are severely allergic to any food, be extra vigilant while eating in restaurant. Confirm ingredient in case of doubt with cooking chef only.
- Avoid smoking.
- Avoid stress.