Benign paroxysmal positional vertical (BPPV)

What is it?

  • Vertigo is a symptom, rather than a condition itself. It’s the sensation that you, or the environment around you, is moving or spinning.
  • This feeling may be barely noticeable, or it may be so severe that you find it difficult to keep your balance and do everyday tasks.
  • Attacks of vertigo can develop suddenly and last for a few seconds, or they may last much longer. If you have severe vertigo, your symptoms may be constant and last for several days, making normal life very difficult.

    What are the symptoms?

  • If you have BPPV, it may feel like you are spinning, swaying or feeling unbalanced. People with BPPV may also have:

  • ringing in the ears

  • nausea

  • headache

  • sweating

  • dizziness

  • vomiting

Home Remedy


  • During an attack of Vertigo, take hold of the nearest available support.
  • Be in a position which is most stable and comfortable and keep yourself as still as possible.
  • If moving is required, it should be done very slowly and carefully.
  • Close your eyes or keep them fixed on objects in front of you.
  • Eventually, once there is improvement, start moving gradually.


  • Do not panic and do not be anxious.
  • Do not move very quickly or rapidly.
  • Do not turn your head suddenly.

Things to watch out for

GP should be contacted if you have persistent signs of vertigo or it keeps coming back.

Think you might have Benign paroxysmal positional vertical (BPPV)?

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Think you have Benign paroxysmal positional vertical (BPPV)?