What is it?
Bursitis is inflammation and swelling of a bursa. A bursa is a fluid-filled sac which forms under the skin, usually over the joints, and acts as a cushion between the tendons and bones.
What are the symptoms?
- Bursitis causes pain, inflammation and tenderness in the affected area of the body.
- The severity of bursitis depends on how inflamed the bursa is. It can cause swelling and stiffness and the affected area may also be warm and red.
- The pain of bursitis usually feels like a dull ache made worse by movement or pressure. Supporting your body weight may be painful. For example, if you have bursitis in your hip, you may find it difficult to lie on the affected side.
- Bursitis typically occurs as a stress injury from repetitive movements, so rest is essential.
- Swelling can be relieved through the application of a cold compress.
- Massaging can help with easing the pain from bursitis.
- Over the counter pain medications can help provide some quick relief
- Avoid excessive pressure on the affected area, such as from leaning forward on your elbows at a table or whilst raising your body out of a sleeping position.
Things to watch out for
Bursitis can be treated at home. Reduce inflammation by taking painkillers such as aspirin, paracetamol and ibuprofen. GP should be contacted if the symptoms do not improve after two weeks.