What is it?
Cataract is a dense, cloudy area that forms in the lens of the eye. A cataract begins when proteins in the eye form clumps that prevent the lens from sending clear images to the retina. The retina works by converting the light that comes through the lens into signals. It sends the signals to the optic nerve, which carries them to the brain. It develops slowly and eventually interferes with your vision. You might end up with cataracts in both eyes, but they usually don’t form at the same time. It is more prevalent in older people.
What are the symptoms?
- Blurry vision
- Trouble seeing at night
- Seeing colors as faded
- Increased sensitivity to glare
- Halos surrounding lights
- Double vision in the affected eye
- A need for frequent changes in prescription glasses
- Protect your eyes from UVB rays by wearing sunglasses outside
- Have regular eye exams
- Eat fruits and vegetables that contain antioxidants
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Keep diabetes and other medical conditions in check
- Stop smoking
- Stop alcohol consumption
- Avoid exposure to sunlight or Xrays
Things to watch out for
Visit your GP for further evaluation