Chronic kidney disease

What is it?

  • Your kidneys are responsible for filtering excess fluids and waste products from your blood. This waste is then eliminated in your urine. Chronic kidney failure refers to the loss of kidney function over months or years. In advanced stages, dangerous levels of wastes and fluids back up in your body. This condition is also called chronic kidney disease.
  • If kidney disease gets worse, wastes can build to high levels in your blood and make you feel sick. You may develop complications like high blood pressure, anemia (low blood count), weak bones, poor nutritional health and nerve damage. Also, kidney disease increases your risk of having heart and blood vessel disease. These problems may happen slowly over a long period of time. Chronic kidney disease may be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders. Early detection and treatment can often keep chronic kidney disease from getting worse. When kidney disease progresses, it may eventually lead to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life.

    What are the symptoms?

If you’re in the early stages of chronic kidney failure, you may or may not have symptoms. Many of the early signs of kidney failure can be confused with other illnesses and conditions. This makes diagnosis difficult. Early symptoms are: * Nausea and vomiting * Loss of appetite * Itching * Chest pain * Uncontrollable high blood pressure * Unexpected weight loss Later-stage symptoms include: * Difficulty staying alert * Cramps and twitches * Numbness in your limbs * Weakness, * Fatigue * Bad breath * Skin that’s darker or lighter than usual, * Bone pain, * Excessive thirst * Bleeding and bruising easily, * Insomnia * Urinating much more or less than usual * Hiccups * Swollen feet and ankles * Absent menstrual periods * Shortness of breath

Home Remedy


1. Consume Kidney Healing Diet: Typically, you want to consume unprocessed foods that are nutrient-dense, such as high-antioxidant foods and foods loaded with electrolytes. Following this type of kidney cleanse diet is great for anybody with kidney stone symptoms or other risk factors. Specific foods to focus on include cranberries, blueberries, celery, burdock, leafy greens, fresh-squeezed vegetable juice, beets, cherries, sea vegetables like seaweed, spinach, avocado, bananas and citrus fruits like lemon. 2. Stay Hydrated: It’s also important to prevent dehydration, since not drinking enough fluids can put you at risk for kidney complications (especially if you exercise a lot, live in a hot climate, drink diuretic beverages and sweat a lot). Drinking enough water and other hydrating fluids should become a regular habit, including herbal tea, sparkling water or fruit-infused water.


  • 1. Avoid certain foods depending on your current nutrient levels, especially ones like dairy, processed meats, caffeine or alcohol, too much protein, and foods high in oxalic acid (spinach, rhubarb, tomatoes, collards, eggplant, beets, celery, summer squash, sweet potatoes, peanuts, almonds, blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, parsley and cocoa).
  • 2. Reduce your intake of high-sodium foods (salt) by avoiding packaged foods, frozen dinners, canned soups, fried foods, fast foods, and processed meats or cheeses.
  • 3. Cut down on your intake of phosphorus by decreasing dairy (milk) consumption, legumes or beans, and nuts (especially peanuts).

Things to watch out for

See your GP if you have persistent or worrying symptoms that you think could be caused by kidney disease.

Think you might have Chronic kidney disease?

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Think you have Chronic kidney disease?