What is it?
- Diabetes is the name given to a group of different conditions in which the body cannot maintain healthy levels of glucose (a type of sugar) in the blood.
- Glucose builds up in the blood leading to high blood glucose levels which cause the health problems linked to diabetes.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes – where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin type 2 diabetes – where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin
What are the symptoms?
The main symptoms of diabetes are: * feeling very thirsty * urinating more frequently than usual, particularly at night * feeling very tired * weight loss and loss of muscle bulk * itching around the penis or vagina, or frequent episodes of thrush * cuts or wounds that heal slowly * blurred vision Type 1 diabetes can develop quickly over weeks or even days. Many people have type 2 diabetes for years without realising because the early symptoms tend to be general.
- Eat regular small meals up to 6 per day
- Make physical activity part of your daily routine
- Schedule a yearly physical and regular eye examination
- Maintain foot hygiene
- Learn relaxation techniques: Stress hormones may prevent insulin from working effectively.
- Don’t skip breakfast: Eating breakfast every day will help you have energy as well as steady blood sugar levels.
- Don’t sit long hours before television, laptop or desktop.
- Don’t eat foods rich in sugar, such as ice cream, chocolates, soda or coke.
- Don’t exercise after meals.
- If you smoke, quit it
- If you drink alcohol, do so only in moderation
Things to watch out for
GP should be contacted immediately for further screening and assessment.