What is it?
Epilepsy is a chronic disorder that causes unprovoked, recurrent seizures. A seizure is a sudden rush of electrical activity in the brain. The generalized seizures affect the whole brain whereas the focal, or partial seizures, affect just one part of the brain. It is difficult to recognize a mild seizure which can last a few seconds during which you lack awareness. Stronger seizures can cause spasms and uncontrollable muscle twitches, and can last a few seconds to several minutes. During a stronger seizure, some people become confused or lose consciousness. Afterward you may have no memory of it happening.
What are the symptoms?
A simple partial seizure does not involve loss of consciousness. Symptoms include: * Alterations to sense of taste, smell, sight, hearing, or touch dizziness * Tingling and twitching of limbs Complex partial seizures involve loss of awareness or consciousness. Other symptoms include: * Staring blankly * Unresponsiveness * Performing repetitive movements * A blank stare. * Repeated lip smacking or blinking. * Short loss of awareness. * Muscle stiffness. * Loss of muscle control thereby making you fall down suddenly. * Repeated, jerky muscle movements of the face, neck, and arms. * Stiffening of the body * Shaking * Loss of bladder or bowel control * Biting of the tongue * Loss of consciousness * Foaming at the mouth (Rare)
- Take a ketogenic diet- a diet low in carbohydrates and rich in fats.
- Take a diet rich in vitamins B6, B12 and D.
- Have 1 teaspoon of extra-virgin coconut oil 3 times a day. You can gradually increase the amount to a few tablespoons a day.
- Crush pure grade Epsom salt into a very fine powder. Add ½ teaspoon of the powder to a glass of orange juice or water and drink it each morning.
- Enjoy relaxing and soothing Epsom salt baths 2 or 3 times a week.
- Mix 2 tablespoons of fresh lime juice and ½ teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water. Drink it daily before going to bed.
- Apply fresh lime juice on your head and massage thoroughly for a few minutes daily before taking a shower.
- Heat to a boil a mixture of ½ cup each of milk and water, add 4 to 5 crushed garlic cloves and boil until the mixture reduces by half. Strain and drink it once daily.
- Drink ½ glass of winter melon juice daily in the morning on an empty stomach. To enhance the taste, you can add a little sugar.
- Drink 1 to 2 cups of herbal tea prepared with passionflower. Steep 1 teaspoon of dried passion flower in a cup of boiling water for 10 minutes, then strain it.
- Take regular exercise to maintain body weight. A daily walk for 45 minutes four times a day is recommended.
- Avoid stress and avoid becoming too tired
- Avoid a lack of sleep
- Avoid alcohol consumption
- Avoid taking a bath, instead take a shower. Also, don’t lock the bathroom door
- Avoid swimming or doing water sports on your own
- Avoid cycling or horse riding without wearing a helmet
- Avoid using certain types of gym equipment – ask staff at the gym for advice
- You must stop driving and tell the Roads and Maritime Services if you’ve had a seizure.
Things to watch out for
See your GP if you think you might have had a seizure for the first time. A seizure can have several causes and sometimes it might be a one-of incident and you might not have epilepsy but you should see a doctor to find out why it happened. Call 000 or go to an emergency department if someone: has a seizure that lasts more than five minutes has lots of seizures in a row has breathing problems or has seriously injured themselves