What is it?
Gastroparesis is a medical condition that affects the movement of food from the stomach to the small intestine. It happens when the stomach’s normally occurring contractions are not working properly. It is sometimes known as stomach paralysis. Usually, the muscles around your stomach contract and grind food into small pieces, then mix those small pieces with acids and enzymes so your food can start to be digested. Then the muscles contract and push food out of the stomach into the duodenum. If you have gastroparesis, the muscles around your stomach don’t work properly. Food isn’t broken down in the stomach as much as normal, and it stays there for longer.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of gastroparesis include: * heartburn or reflux disease (GERD) * nausea or vomiting of undigested food * feeling full-up earlier than normal * stomach bloating or pain * loss of appetite
- Eat smaller meals more frequently and chew food thoroughly
- Eat well-cooked fruits and vegetables rather than raw fruits and vegetables
- Choose mostly low-fat foods, but if you can tolerate them, add small servings of fatty foods to your diet
- If liquids are easier for you to swallow, try soups and pureed foods
- Drink water throughout each meal
- Exercise gently after you eat, such as going for a walk
- Avoid fibrous fruits and vegetables, such as oranges and broccoli, which may cause bezoars
- Avoid carbonated drinks, alcohol and smoking
- Avoid lying down within 2 hours after eating
Things to watch out for
See your GP if you are experiencing symptoms of gastroparesis