What is it?
Haemorrhoids (also spelt hemorrhoids), or ‘piles’, are lumps that occur inside and around the anal passage (back passage) which contain swollen and enlarged blood vessels.
What are the symptoms?
Haemorrhoids (also spelt hemorrhoids), or ‘piles’, vary in their severity from person to person. Many people experience no symptoms or very mild symptoms that disappear after a couple of days. Other haemorrhoids are more painful. When symptoms do occur, they may include bleeding, itchiness, discomfort and pain. In some cases, haemorrhoids can enlarge so much that they stick out of the anus. This is known as a ‘prolapse’. The most common sign of hemorrhoids is bleeding during or after passing a bowel motion. The blood is bright red and may be seen on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. If you have any bleeding with a bowel motion, you should see your doctor. Haemorrhoids are classified into four different types based on their size and severity: First degree haemorrhoids often bleed a little bit when you pass a bowel motion, but stay inside the anus and are not usually very painful. Second degree haemorrhoids bleed and stick out of the anus when you pass a bowel motion. Once the bowel motion is over, they disappear back inside the anus by themselves. Third degree haemorrhoids have to be physically pushed back inside the anus after passing a bowel motion. They may be painful if they are large. Fourth degree haemorrhoids are larger lumps that stick out of the anus permanently, and cannot be placed back inside. The blood inside these haemorrhoids may clot and the lumps can become very painful.
- Use high roughage diet with high-fiber content.
- Drink lots of fluids to avoid constipation.
- Lose weight, if overweight.
- Exercise regularly. In pregnancy, exercise under appropriate guidance and supervision.
- Itchiness and pain can be relieved by taking hot baths.
- Use moist wipes, instead of rough toilet paper.
- Take proper medications to control chronic cough.
- Avoid prolonged sitting on the toilet seat.
- Don’t strain at stool.
- Don’t strain at urination.
- Avoid prolonged sitting at work. Get up and move around periodically.
- Avoid lifting or holding heavy objects.
- Avoid overuse of laxatives or enemas.
Things to watch out for
Haemorrhoid symptoms often settle down after a few days without needing treatment. GP should be contacted if your symptoms don’t get better or you experience pain or rectal bleeding.