What is it?
Cholesterol is a fatty substance known as a lipid and is vital for the normal functioning of the body. Its mainly made by the liver, but can also be found in some foods.
Having an excessively high level of lipids in your blood (hyperlipidemia) can have an effect on your health.
What are the symptoms?
If hyperlipidemia results in CHD or atherosclerosis at other sites, symptoms may include chest pain (angina), heart attack, or stroke.
Hyperlipidemia itself does not produce symptoms. When levels are exceedingly high, cholesterol may be deposited (xanthomas) in tendons or just beneath the skin under the eyes. Very high triglyceride levels may result in the formation of nodules on the elbows or knees, or the appearance of multiple, pimple-sized, yellowish skin eruptions.
The skin deposits fats or xanthomas
Swelling of organs such as the liver, spleen, or pancreas (pancreatitis)
Blockage of blood vessels in brain and heart
Try to avoid or cut down on the following foods, which are high in saturated fat:
- fatty cuts of meat and meat products, such as sausages and pies
- butter, ghee and lard
- cream, soured cream, and ice cream
- cheese, particularly hard cheese
- cakes and biscuits
- milk chocolate
- coconut oil, coconut cream and palm oil
Things to watch out for
Hyperlipidemia can be treated by changing diet and exercising more. GP can confirm the diagnosis by conducting a blood test. GP can prescribe medication if the cholesterol level doesnt drop after a few months.