What is it?
Osteoporosis is a condition that weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. It develops slowly over several years and is often only diagnosed when a minor fall or sudden impact causes a bone fracture.
What are the symptoms?
There typically are no symptoms in the early stages of bone loss. But once your bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, you may have signs and symptoms that include: * Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra * Loss of height over time * A stooped posture * A bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected
- Consume diet with sufficient vitamins, minerals, etc. to keep your bone healthy. Have more of fresh fruits, colored vegetables like capsicum, leafy greens, purple cabbage and broccoli.
- Exposure to early morning sunlight for just 10 minutes everyday can effectively replenish and maintain Vitamin D levels in the blood.
- Indulge in healthy lifestyle and exercise.
- If you are already suffering from Osteoporosis, arrange your house in such a way that you are not prone to falls and accidents. Keep as less furniture as you can. * Special mats can be laid down in bathrooms to prevent slipping.
- Practice routine screening of your bones after 40 years of age.
- Maintain an ideal weight for height so that the bones of your lower body do not have to bear the extra kilograms/pounds.
- Avoid alcohol and smoking.
- Do not ride on bumpy road or uneven surfaces where risk of fall is high.
- Do not lead sedentary life.
Things to watch out for
Osteoporosis can be treated with needs more calcium, which will usually be in the form of supplements. Ask your GP for advice about taking calcium supplements.