What is it?
Parkinson’s disease is a condition in which parts of the brain become progressively damaged over many years.It is a progressive neurological disorder that affects movement, often including tremors. This disorder is chronic and worsens over time.
What are the symptoms?
The three main symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are: involuntary shaking of particular parts of the body at rest (tremor) slow movement stiff arms, legs , trunk and inflexible muscles A person with Parkinson’s disease can also experience a wide range of other physical and psychological symptoms, including: depression and anxiety problems with balance and tendency to fall decreased ability to smell (anosmia) problems sleeping (insomnia) blank facial expression a tendency to get stuck when walking small, cramped handwriting muffled, low-volume speech decreased blinking and swallowing tendency to fall backwards reduced arm swinging when walking memory problems. Constipation
- Increase the amount of fibre in your diet and a well balanced diet
- Make sure you’re drinking enough fluid to reduce constipation
- Increase the amount of salt in your diet and eating small, frequent meals to avoid problems with low blood pressure, such as dizziness when you stand up quickly
- Regular exercise is particularly important in helping relieve muscle stiffness, improving your mood, and relieving stress. Moreover, exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles,
- Changes to your normal bedtime routine
- Eat softened food and do swallowing exercises
- There are many activities you can do to help keep yourself fit, ranging from more active sports like tennis and cycling, to less strenuous activities such as walking, gardening and yoga
- To improve walking: Walk carefully. Pace yourself – try not to move too quickly. Let your heel hit the floor first. Check your posture and stand up straight. This will help you to shuffle less
- When getting dressed: Allow yourself plenty of time to get ready. Avoid rushing. Select clothes that are easy to put on and take off. Try using items with velcro instead of buttons. Try wearing pants and skirts with elastic waist bands. These may be easier than buttons and zippers.
- Make changes to your diet to avoid unintentional weight loss
- To avoid falling: Don’t walk backwards. Try to not carry things while walking. Try to avoid leaning and reaching. To turn around, make a U-turn. Don’t pivot on your feet.
Things to watch out for
Contact your GP if you suspect you have symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. There’s no cure for PD but symptomatic and supportive treatment can be given