What is it?
Pharyngitis is inflammation of the pharynx - the back of the throat. This can cause a sore throat, as well as scratchiness in the throat and difficulty swallowing. Pharyngitis is more common in the colder months.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms of a Pharyngitis can vary depending on the cause. Signs and symptoms might include: * Pain or a scratchy sensation in the throat * Pain that worsens with swallowing or talking * Difficulty swallowing * Sore, swollen glands in your neck or jaw * Swollen, red tonsils * White patches or pus on your tonsils * Hoarse or muffled voice Common infections causing a Pharyngitis might result in other signs and symptoms, including: * Fever * Cough * Runny nose * Sneezing * Body aches * Headache * Nausea or vomiting
- Rest. And rest your voice.
- Drink fluids. Fluids keep the throat moist and prevent dehydration. Avoid caffeine and alcohol, which can dehydrate you.
- Try comforting foods and beverage. Warm liquids — broth, caffeine-free tea or warm water with honey — and cold treats such as ice pops can soothe a sore throat.
- Gargle with saltwater. A saltwater gargle of 1⁄4 to 1⁄2 teaspoon of table salt to 4 to 8 ounces of warm water can help soothe a sore throat. Gargle the solution and then spit it out.
- Humidify the air. Use a cool-air humidifier to eliminate dry air that may further irritate a sore throat or sit for several minutes in a steamy bathroom.
- Consider lozenges or hard candy. Either can soothe a sore throat, but don’t give them to children age 4 and younger because of choking risk.
- Avoid irritants. Keep your home free from cigarette smoke and cleaning products that can irritate the throat.
Things to watch out for
Pharyngitis can be treated at home. GP should be contacted you have persistent symptoms that haven’t started to improve after a week.