What is it?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition that affects how a woman’s ovaries work. It is a hormonal disorder causing enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges. The three main features of PCOS are: ovaries don’t regularly release eggs (ovulation) high levels of “male hormones” in your body your ovaries become enlarged and contain many fluid-filled sacs (follicles) which surround the eggs (it’s important to note that, despite the name, if you have PCOS you don’t actually have cysts) PCOS is also associated with an increased risk of developing health problems in later life, such as type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol levels.
What are the symptoms?
Signs and symptoms of PCOS usually become apparent during your late teens or early twenties. They include:
menstrual irregularity-irregular periods or no periods at all difficulty getting pregnant as a result of irregular ovulation or failure to ovulate (infertility) excessive hair growth (hirsutism) – usually on the face, chest, back or buttocks weight gain thinning hair and hair loss from the head oily skin or acne
- Lose excess weight. Weight loss of just 5% can lead to a significant improvement in PCOS.
- Exercise regularly
- Eat healthy and well balanced diet. Such as High-fiber vegetables, such as broccoli.Lean protein, such as fish. Anti-inflammatory foods and spices, such as turmeric and tomatoes.
- Stress reduction techniques, which help calm the mind and let you connect with your body, can help. These include yoga and meditation.
- Avoid foods high in refined carbohydrates, such as white bread and muffins.
- Avoid sugary snacks and drinks.
- Avoid Inflammatory foods, such as processed and red meats.
Things to watch out for
Contact your GP if you have symptoms of PCOS