Sprain or strain

What is it?

Sprains and strains are common injuries affecting the muscles and ligaments.

What are the symptoms?

Signs and symptoms will vary, depending on the severity of the injury.


  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Limited ability to move the affected joint
  • At the time of injury, you may hear or feel a “pop” in your joint


  • Pain

  • Swelling

  • Muscle spasms

  • Limited ability to move the affected muscle

Home Remedy


  • Place an ice pack on the injured area for about 15 to 20 minutes. Repeat this frequently during the day.
  • Swelling can be reduced by elevating the affected area.
  • Massage the area with garlic oil to reduce inflammation. You can also use almond oil.
  • Combine a teaspoon each of sunflower and camphor oil and rub over the injured area. You can even add a tablespoon of turpentine oil to a couple of tablespoons of sunflower oil and use the solution to treat sprains.
  • Add one egg yolk to olive oil and apply to the area. You can then cover with a cotton pad. Repeat the treatment after a couple of days.
  • Applying black coffee to the affected area is also known to help in healing a sprain.
  • Soak the outer leaves of cabbage in hot water and then wrap around the affected joint. Leave it on for about ten minutes.
  • Place some chopped onion in a muslin cloth and place around the affected area for relief from pain.
  • Add one tablespoon of honey to raw lime powder and apply to the affected area.
  • To restrict swelling and alleviate pain, heat some powdered jaggery in a small amount of clarified butter and apply to the sprained area once it cools slightly.
  • Fenugreek is known to help in treating sprains. Add some lemon juice to fenugreek leaves and grind into a paste.
  • Soak a cloth in hot, soured milk and place over the affected area.
  • Soak a warm towel in warm vinegar and use as a compress to encourage healing of a sprain.
  • Turmeric is an excellent anti-inflammatory antioxidant which helps to reduce swelling and pain. It also restricts histamine and thus relieves inflammation. Turmeric can be added to various foods.


  • Avoid exerting the injured area. Do not engage in activities that trigger swelling and pain.

Things to watch out for

Most sprains and strains are relatively minor and can be treated at home. Contact your GP if you are unable to move injured muscle or joint and the pain is unbearable.

Think you might have Sprain or strain?

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Think you have Sprain or strain?